3.4 Component of the Programmes of CPED during the period 2001-2015
CPED’s programmescan be broadly categorized into three broad components:
- Action research;
- Communication, outreach and intervention; and
- Capacity building
3.4.1 Action Research
Recognising that the magnitude and quality of economic growth will have an important bearing on achieving the Millennium Development Goals, CPED’s research agenda is focusing on selected topical and methodological research areas. These action research themes are listed in the strategic plan as follows:
- Challenges of African Economic Growth: opportunities, constraints and strategic directions
- Challenges of sharing growth, wealth creation, equity and development in Africa with special reference to Nigeria
- The Rural sector: key to poverty reduction
- Resource-based development and poverty reduction
- Feasible options for redistribution
- Globalisation and the challenges of development in Nigeria
- Democracy and governance in Nigeria
- Civil society and governance in Nigeria
- Development of the Niger Delta region
- Conflict and violence in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria
- Education and development in Nigeria: crisis and reform
- Health in Nigeria: crisis and reform
- Population and development
- Gender and development
- Environment and development
CPED’s research communication strategy is based on a number of factors including the following:
- Communications strategy is built in at the start of the research process, not tacked on at the end.
- Key stakeholders are involvedin the research process, preferably at the stage of formulating research questions, and maintaining these links throughout the life cycle of the project. This helps to ensure the relevance of the research, builds trust, and draws in potential allies who may be able to assist in communicating and applying the results.
- A stakeholder mapping exerciseneeds is carried out to identify key players, and to prompt thinking on how best they can be engaged or reached. The more specific this is, the more targeted the communication strategy can be. This might include well-placed journalists or commentators, as well as policymakers and other more directly involved stakeholders.
- CPED maps out key policy processes and decision points happening within the environment that it is trying to influence to identify possible points of intervention, and construct a calendar of events so as to know the best time to make that input.
- CPED promotes the involvement of research partners in developing the strategy because it makes sense to draw on the ideas, networks and skills of all the partners in coming up with an integrated communication strategy.
- A mix of communication approachesare always used by CPED to maximise impact, since no one approach will reach all the audiences. Research messages will also come across more strongly if reinforced by being heard through different channels.
- Time and resources are set asideby CPED to carry outeffective communications. Budgets for outputs and events are ring-fenced, but probably more importantly the time required to follow through on communications work is recognised and set aside.
- Specialist skills are needed for some communications tasks, and especially in drawing up a communication strategy. Depending on the situation, a combination of in-house staff, freelance consultants and specialist communication partners are used to do the job well.
- CPED is conscious of the fact that in developing a communication strategy is important to appreciate the fact that what is appropriate and feasible depends very much on the prevailing circumstances. It is obvious that not all research that is carried out by CPED have direct practical and policy implications.
3.4.3 Outreach and Intervention
The outreach/intervention activities are designed to focus on the different action research teams identified in the strategic plan. Some priority areas include the following:
- Promotion of health care with special attention to HIV/AIDS
- Promotion of income generation
- Promotion of sustainable environment and appropriate response to climatic change
- Prevention of violence with special reference to the Niger Delta region
- Supporting communities to prepare community development plans
3.4.5 Capacity building
CPED is committed to the capacity building of the Centre and its associated development and poverty reduction partners. It is against this background that CPED believes that the process of strengthening the Centre as a Think Tank institution and its partner organisations must be a key component of its strategic plan during the fifteen-year period. Three main components of the action plan for capacity building are identified in the strategic plan as follows.
- Capacity building of CPED
- Capacity building of partner organisations
- Partnership development with public and private sector/civil society organisations
4. BUILDING ON A RECORD OF MODEST ACHIEVEMENT
Over the past ten years (2001-2009), CPED has carried out one major organizational assessment and evaluation and a number of internal evaluations of the different components of the organization. Furthermore, there has been a series of individual programme evaluations. The section summaries briefly the key achievements and weaknesses identified during the evaluations.
4.1 Action research
Over the past ten years of the fifteen-year strategic plan of CPED, the Centre has carried out a number of action research projects that have focused on some of the research themes identified in the strategic plan including the following:
- Analysis of the settlement pattern and infrastructure in the Niger Delta region which was funded by Niger Delta Environmental Survey and financed by oil prospecting companies in Nigeria;
- Political economy of the Niger Delta region which was funded by the Delta State Government of Nigeria;
- Survey of threatened species in Ethiope River, Delta state Nigeria funded by Niger Delta Environmental Survey and financed by oil prospecting companies in Nigeria;
- Globalisationand malaria-related primary health care delivery and access in Nigeria financedby The World Health Organisation(WHO);
- Non-formal education systems and their impact on youth employment in Niger Delta Nigeria financed by Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC);
- Demographic and baseline infrastructural survey and analysis of nine Niger Delta states: Abia, AkwaIbom, Bayelsa, Cross River, Delta, Edo, Imo, Ondo and Rivers financed by the Niger Delta Development Commission;
- Housing and Development in Nigeria financed by the Centre for Population and Environmental Development (CPED);
- Identifying natural resource-based opportunities for investment and development in Nigeria financed by the Delta State Government, Nigeria;
- Public Policy, Oil and Environmental Conflicts in Niger Delta, Nigeria: Ramifications for regional Security financed by United States Institute of Peace (USIP)
- Evaluation of seventy-eight Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) programmes financed by Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC);
- Rural migration and development in Nigeria financed by MacArthur Foundation;
- Higher Education Crisis and the Management of Higher Education in Nigeria financed by the Centre for Population and Environmental Development (CPED);
- Performance Determinants of Public and Private Sector Enterprises in Nigeria partly financed by the University of Benin and Centre for Population and Environmental Development (CPED;)
- Perspectives on development challenges and poverty reduction in Nigeria funded by Centre for Population and Environmental Development (CPED);
- Local Communities and Forest management in Nigeria funded by the Food and AgriculturalOrganisation (FAO) Rome;
- Mid-term progress analysis of sixteen Nigerian States on the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals funded by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP);
- HIV Prevention For Rural Youth (Hp4ry): Mobilizing Nigerian Schools And Communities funded by International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Ottawa, Canada;
- Enhancing the Capacity of Local Civil Society Groups to Claim Civil and Political Rights in Nigeria’s Niger Delta Region funded by the European Commission, Brussels;
Arising from the various research activities of CPED, the Centre and its staff have produced over 50 publications, including books, chapters in books and journals, workshop reports, and technical reports. Many of CPED’s outputs appear to have contributed to the achievement of higher-level results, at the outcome level. CPED has had a demonstrable effect in changing policies and practices at the local, state and national levels in Nigeria.
4.2 Communication, Outreach and Intervention
During the lastten years, CPED has been involved in different communication, outreach and intervention activities that have contributed to policy development in various aspects of sustainable development and poverty reduction at the local, state and national levels including the following:
- In collaboration with the Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC), CPED has organised over ten policy development workshops relating to sustainable development and poverty reduction in Nigeria, especially at the grassroots level in the oil producing communities of the Niger Delta region.
- In collaboration with local and community-based civil society organizations, CPED has organised over 200 local and community based workshops designed to promote sustainable development and poverty reduction awareness, strategies and policies.
- In collaboration with the Niger Delta Development Commission, CPED has organized five workshops on sustainable development planning strategies in the Niger Delta region.
- In collaboration with about twenty state governments out of the thirty six in the country, CPED has organized over 50 workshops on policy development with respect to sustainable development, poverty reduction and strategies to attain the Millennium Development Goals (MDG)
- In collaboration with International Agencies such as the World Health Organisation (WHO), MacArthur Foundation, Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC), European Commission, and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), CPED has organized over fifteen policy workshops on policy development and associated strategies on different aspects of sustainable development and poverty reduction in Nigeria.
- CPED has implemented over 35 outreach and intervention projects some of which arose from the action research activities. These outreach and intervention projects focused on different aspects of sustainable development and poverty reduction such as primary health care, reproductive health, HIV/AIDS, forest management, local and community development plan preparation, peace building, agricultural production, education, human rights, empowerment of women, etc.
The different communication and intervention activities of CPED have resulted in the communication of action research results to policy makers while some of the communication activities have led to the development of specific policies being implemented at the state and local government levels in Nigeria. The intervention programmes have brought considerable benefits to the target population, groups and beneficiations in terms of poverty reduction. An estimated 35 million people comprising government officials, leaders of public and civil society organizations, leaders of communities, women, youths, and children have benefited directly and indirectly from the outreach and intervention activities of CPED across Nigeria. Thus many of CPED’s outputs appear to have contributed to the achievement of considerable results, at the outcome level. CPED has had a demonstrable effect in improving the lives of the poor in different parts of Nigeria.
4.3 Capacity building
Over the past ten years, the Centre has carried out a number of capacity building activities focusing on CPED itself, public policy makers, the youth, elders, community elders, women, NGOs, and CBOs including the following:
- CPED has been able to build some aspects of its capacity such the training of Programme Officers, the development of infrastructure facilities including offices spaces, library facilities, provision of transport facilities and communications facilities.
- Building the capacity of over 500 public officials and some private sector leaders in about twenty states in different parts of Nigeria on policy development and programme implementation and monitoring.
- Building the capacity of over 5 million leaders of communities and civil society groups at the local level on participation in action research, planning and project implementation.
- Facilitated partnership between over 1,500 civil society organizations and public sector agencies as well as some international organisations in the implementation of sustainable development and poverty reduction programmes.
Arising from the various capacity building activities of CPED, the Centre has been able to empower policy makers, public officials, local and community leaders, men, women, youths and other non-state actors to play active roles in the implementation of programmes designed to promote sustainable development and poverty reduction in different parts of Nigeria.
Click here to read more about our success stories.